In 2007, CARDS assistance was replaced by the Instrument for Pre-Accession Assistance (IPA) which extends to 2013. The purpose of IPA is to help candidate (currently Croatia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Turkey and Montenegro) and potential candidate countries (Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Republic of Serbia and Kosovo according to UNSCR 1244) to progress towards fully meeting the Copenhagen political and economic criteria as well as adopting and implementing the EU acquis communautaire.
The IPA consists of the following five components:
IPA assistance builds on a number of strategic documents, such as the European Partnership and the Stabilisation and Association Agreement (SAA) priorities which are reflected in Multi-annual Indicative Planning Documents (MIPD) and the Multi-annual Indicative Financial Framework (MIFF). The programmes are adopted by the Commission following consultation with the beneficiary countries and other stakeholders. They are implemented in one of three ways: by centralised, decentralised or shared management.
The Commission supervises the implementation of the programmes through its services in the Directorate General For Enlargement and in EU Delegations in the countries concerned. A monitoring system has been established which includes Joint Monitoring Committees between the Commission and the beneficiary countries, where the implementation of financial assistance programmes is discussed with the help of monitoring and evaluation reports and corrective actions are agreed upon as necessary. Further monitoring takes place at both sector and project level.
The IPA Multi-Beneficiary actions complement and add value to support given under the IPA National Programmes.
As a candidate country Components III to V are available for
The IPA National Programme for Montenegro (Component I) focuses on key political criteria such as judicial reform, public administration reform and institutional building, fight against corruption and organised crime. Financial support is also being provided to civil society. As regards economic and other membership criteria the IPA programme concentrates on supporting reforms and strengthening the administrative capacity in areas such as the internal market, environment, transport, statistics, education, employment and social inclusion.
Montenegro has received €131.3 million of IPA assistance from 2007 to 2010. (please see table bellow).
Montenegro also participates in the IPA Adriatic cross–border programme with Member States and the trans-national cooperation programmes: South-East Europe and Mediterranean under the European Regional Development Fund.
"NEW" National Programme for Montenegro under the IPA Transition Assistance and Institution Building Component for the year 2011. To download document please click here
EU-funded IPA national programmes
Judiciary and Fundamental Rights
Democracy and Rule of Law
Human Rights and Protection of Minorities**
Information Society and Media
Justice, Freedom and Security
Support to Local Government
Support to Civil Society
Entrepreneurial and Industrial Policy
Agriculture and Rural Development
Health Care and Consumer Protection
Social Policy and Employment
Competition and State Aid
Public Procurement System
Food Safety, Veterinary and Phytosanitary Policies
Free Movement of Goods
* NB: All figures in € Million