EU Assistance


Montenegro has been receiving financial assistance from the EU since 1998. Overall, between 1998 and 2010 the EU committed over €408.5 million to Montenegro. From 1998 to 2006, this included EU CARDS assistance worth €277.2 million.

In 2007, CARDS assistance was replaced by the Instrument for Pre-Accession Assistance (IPA) which extends to 2013. The purpose of IPA is to help candidate (currently Croatia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Turkey and Montenegro) and potential candidate countries (Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Republic of Serbia and Kosovo according to UNSCR 1244) to progress towards fully meeting the Copenhagen political and economic criteria as well as adopting and implementing the EU acquis communautaire.

The IPA consists of the following five components:

  • Component I (Transition Assistance and Institution Building – also known as National Programme) which is available for candidate and potential candidate countries;
  • Component II (Cross-Border Cooperation) which is available for candidate and potential candidate countries;
  • Component III (Regional Development) which is available only for candidate countries;
  • Component IV (Human Resources Development) which is available only for candidate countries;
  • Component V (Rural Development) which is available only for candidate countries.

IPA assistance builds on a number of strategic documents, such as the European Partnership and the Stabilisation and Association Agreement (SAA) priorities which are reflected in Multi-annual Indicative Planning Documents (MIPD) and the Multi-annual Indicative Financial Framework (MIFF). The programmes are adopted by the Commission following consultation with the beneficiary countries and other stakeholders. They are implemented in one of three ways: by centralised, decentralised or shared management.

The Commission supervises the implementation of the programmes through its services in the Directorate General For Enlargement and in EU Delegations in the countries concerned. A monitoring system has been established which includes Joint Monitoring Committees between the Commission and the beneficiary countries, where the implementation of financial assistance programmes is discussed with the help of monitoring and evaluation reports and corrective actions are agreed upon as necessary. Further monitoring takes place at both sector and project level.

The IPA Multi-Beneficiary actions complement and add value to support given under the IPA National Programmes.


IPA in Montenegro

Montenegro currently has access to two IPA components: IPA Component I (Transition Assistance and Institution Building component) and IPA Component II (Cross-Border Cooperation component). This assistance is currently centrally managed by the EU Delegation.

As a candidate country Components III to V are available for Montenegro but they can only be operational when the country receives accreditation for the Decentralized Implementation System (DIS).

The IPA National Programme for Montenegro (Component I) focuses on key political criteria such as judicial reform, public administration reform and institutional building, fight against corruption and organised crime. Financial support is also being provided to civil society. As regards economic and other membership criteria the IPA programme concentrates on supporting reforms and strengthening the administrative capacity in areas such as the internal market, environment, transport, statistics, education, employment and social inclusion.

Montenegro has received €131.3 million of IPA assistance from 2007 to 2010. (please see table bellow).

Montenegro participates in four IPA Cross-Border Cooperation Programmes (Component II) with neighbouring Western Balkan countries (Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatiaand Republic of Serbia).

Montenegro also participates in the IPA Adriatic cross–border programme with Member States and the trans-national cooperation programmes: South-East Europe and Mediterranean under the European Regional Development Fund.

Assistance is also provided to Montenegro through the European Instrument for Democracy and Human Rights (2008: 0,3 M€; 2009: 0,51 M€; 2010: 0,4 M ).

"NEW" National Programme for Montenegro under the IPA Transition Assistance and Institution Building Component for the year 2011. To download document please click here

"NEW" For additional information on the Instrument for Pre-Accession Assistance (IPA) in Montenegro please click here

EU-funded IPA national programmes

2007

2008

2009

2010

Total

Political Criteria

7,1

10,5

7,95

6,7

32,25

Judiciary and Fundamental Rights

2

1

1,8

4,8

Democracy and Rule of Law

1,1

1,1

Human Rights and Protection of Minorities**

1,5

0,45

0,7

2,65

Information Society and Media

1,25

1,6

0,5

3,35

Justice, Freedom and Security

3

3,45

2,7

0,7

9,85

Support to Local Government

4,3

3

7,3

Support to Civil Society

1

2,2

3,2

Economic Criteria

9,2

10,2

14,78

15,25

49,43

Energy

1,5

1,5

Transport

6,2

6,2

5

17,4

Environment

4,5

5,8

4,7

15

Financial Control

1,2

2,8

4

Education

1,5

1,8

3,3

Entrepreneurial and Industrial Policy

1,2

1,2

Agriculture and Rural Development

1,5

0,75

2,25

Health Care and Consumer Protection

1,8

1,8

Social Policy and Employment

1,18

1,18

Social Inclusion

3

3

EU Standards

6,35

4,5

2,2

3,1

16,15

Competition and State Aid

1,2

1,2

Public Procurement System

1,25

1,25

Fisheries

1

1

Food Safety, Veterinary and Phytosanitary Policies

1,4

3,5

0,7

5,6

Free Movement of Goods

2

0,7

2,7

Statistics

0,8

1,2

2

Taxation

0,9

0,5

1,4

Customs

1

1

Other

4,85

2,9

3,7

4,18

15,63

Total

27,5

28,1

28,63

29,23

113,46*

* NB: All figures in € Million