Based on the decision of the EU Ministerial Council of 15th September 2006, a political dialogue was established at ministerial level between the Government of Montenegro and the EU institutions. The first such dialogue took place on 22 January 2007 and further political dialogue meetings take place annually.
On 22 January 2007, the EU Council passed a Decision on the adoption of a new European Partnership with
On 15 October 2007
By the act of signing the Stabilisation and Association Agreement,
On 22 July 2009 European Commissioner for Enlargement Olli Rehn handed over to
On 9 December,
As of 19 December 2009 EU visa were altered, allowing Montenegro’s citizens (along neighbours from Serbia and the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia) visa-free access to all 25 Schengen member states within the Union, as well as three states outside the European Union; Iceland, Norway and Switzerland. This was a result of a process that was launched in May 2008. Granting of visa-free travel required the fulfilment of key benchmarks in the areas of rule of law, travel documents and border security.
The European Commission has acknowledged that
- On 12 October 2011 the European Commission has adopted its annual Enlargement Strategy and Country Progress Reports for 2011. Montenegro has made good progress in meeting the political criteria for membership of the EU, and made further progress in establishing a functioning market economy. Also, Montenegro continues to smoothly implement the Stabilization and Association Agreement.
- In December 2011, the Council launched the accession process with a view to opening negotiations in June 2012.
- The accession negotiations with Montenegro started on 29 June 2012.
- On 10 October 2012, the European Commission has presented 2012 Progress Report for Montenegro. This is the first Progress Report on Montenegro since the country opened accession negotiations with the EU on 29 June. The European Commission concluded that the country has made further progress in establishing a functioning market economy, has improved its ability to take on the obligations of EU membership, and continues to sufficiently meet the political criteria for EU membership.
- On 18 December 2012, Montenegro opened and temporary closed Chapter 25 – Science and Research.
- Montenegro has made another step closer to the European family, when Chapter 26 – Education and Culture was opened and temporarily closed on 15 April 2013.
Diplomatic relations between
By mid-September 2014, twelve negotiating Chapters, including the rule of law Chapters, 23 – Judiciary and fundamental rights and 24 – Justice, freedom and security, have been opened, out which two Chapters (25 – Science and research and 26 – Education and culture) have been provisionally closed. Opening benchmarks have been set for eleven Chapters.